flash cards

vital signs

temperature measures body heat
pulse measures how fast the heart is beating
respirations measures how fast someone is breathing
blood pressure measures how much pressure is exerted against the walls of the arteries by the blood
12-20 normal respiratory range
60 – 100 normal pulse range
90 – 140 normal range for systolic blood pressure
60 – 90 normal range for diastolic blood pressure
oral temperature thermometer placed in the mouth
axillary temperature thermometer placed under the arm
rectal temperature thermometer placed in the rectum
axillary temperature reads one degree lower than oral temperature
tachycardia heart beat faster than normal
bradycardia heart beat slower than normal
tachypnea respiratory rate faster than normal
bradypnea respiratory rate slower than normal
cyanosis bluish discoloration to skin, nail beds due to lack of O2
orthopnea needs to be in a sitting position to breathe
dyspnea difficulty breathing
systolic heart is contracting
diastolic heart is resting
mm Hg millimeters of mercury,what B/P is measured in
apnea short period of time with no respirations
hypetension high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
apical pulse use stethoscope to listen to heart beat
radial pulse thumb side of the wrist
brachial pulse inside of elbow, pinkie side
carotid pulse found on either side of the neck

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