flash cards

Us history

Question Answer
Federalism the federal principle or system of government
Anti-federalism a person who opposed the ratification of the Constitution
Separation of power an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Popular soveriegnty
Popular sovereignty, or the sovereignty of the people's rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives, who are the source of all politic
Checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Republicanism support for a republican system of government
Articles of confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1st amendment Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redre
2nd amendment A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
3rd amendment No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
4th amendment The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated.
5th amendment No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia.
6th amendment In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed
7th amendment In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury.
8th amendment Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
10th amendment The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

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