flash cards

Unit 2 vocab

Term Definition
Enumerated Powers given to the Federal Government only.
Concurrent Those powers shared by the national ( federal ) and state governments. ( both )
Executive Branch of government that enforces the laws.
Preamble The introduction to the Constitution that states the goals for the government.
Amendment Any change to the constitution .
Separation of powers The idea of government should be divided into 3 branches to avoid an abuse power.
The charters of the VA company Established the rights of Englishmen would be guaranteed to colonists.
Elastic Clause Gives congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out it's duties.
Reserved Powers given to the state governments only.
The Virginia Declaration of Rights Served as a model for the Bill of Rights of the US Constitution
Legislative Branch Branch of government that makes laws
Ratification To approve. The Constitution was ratified June 1788
Declaration of Independence Established and listed the unalienable rights ofall men. Colonial grievances against the King.The idea of equality under the law.The colonies’ independence from GreatBritain (England).
Judicial Branch The Branch of Government that interprets thelaw.
Articles of Confederation Established the first form of government forthe independent states.Allowed the states to keep the major powersof government.
Articles The seven sections of the Constitutionfollowing the Preamble.
Constitution Establishes the structure of the presentnational government.Living DocumentSupreme Law of the Land.
Virginia Statute for ReligiousFreedom Established freedom of religious beliefs andopinions.Model for the First Amendment to theConstitution.
Checks and Balances A system in which each branch of governmentis able to limit the power of the other twobranches.
Shay’s Rebellion One of the final events proving the weaknessof the Articles of Confederation.Leading to the convention to revise theArticles.

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