flash cards

Unit 2 Flash Cards

Term Definition
Enumerated Powers given to the Federal Government only
Concurrent Those powers shared by the national (federal) and state governments. (both)
Executive Branch of government that enforces the laws.
Preamble The introduction of the Constitution that states the goals for the government.
Amendment Any change to the Constitution.
Separation of Powers. The idea that government should be divded into 3 branches to avoid an abuse of power.
The Charters of the VA Company Established the righs of Englishmen would be guaranteed to colonists.
Elastic Clause Gives the Congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its duties.
Reserved Powers given to the state governments only.
The Virginia Declaration of Rights. Served as a model for the Bill of Rights of the US Constitution
Legislative Branch Branch of government that makes laws.
Ratification To approve. The Constitution was ratified June 1788.
Declaration of Independence Established and listed the unalienable rights of all men. Colonial grievances against the King. The idea of equality under the law. The conlonies' independence from Great Britain (England).
Judicial Branch The Branch of Government that interprets the law.
Articles of Condeferation Established the first form of government for the independent states. Allowed the states to keep the major powers of government.
Articles The seven sections of the Constitution following the Preamble.
Constitution Establishes the structure of the present national government. Living Document. Supreme Law of the Land.
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom Established freedom of religious beliefs and opinions. Model for the First Amendment to the Constitution.
Check and Balances A system in which each branch of government is able to limit the power of the other two branches.
Shay's Rebellion One of the final events proving the weakness of the Articles of Confederation. Leading to the convention to revise the Articles.

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