flash cards

test1-us history us history

Question Answer
federalism a form of government in which power is divided between the federal or national, government and the states
anti-federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution.
separation of powers ct of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
popular soveriegnty the sovereignty of the people's rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People),
checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
republicanism (in the US) the principles or policies of the Republican Party.
articles of confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1st amendment Prohibits Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably
2nd amendment Protects the right to keep and bear arms.
3rd amendment Places restrictions on the quartering of soldiers in private homes without the owner's consent, prohibiting it during peacetime.
4th amendment Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause as determined by a neutral judge or magistrate.
5th amendment Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy.
6th amendment Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, including the rights to be notified of the accusations, to confront the accuser, to obtain witnesses and to retain counsel.
7th amendment Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law.
8th amendment Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment.
9th amendment Protects rights not enumerated in the Constitution.
10th amendment Reinforces the principle of federalism by stating that the federal government possesses only those powers delegated to it by the states or the people through the Constitution.
alexis de tocqueville Alexis Charles Henri Clerel, Viscount de Tocqueville 29 July 1805 – 16 April 1859) was a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian.

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