flash cards

Test1 US History

Term Definition
Federalism The federal principle or system of government
Anti-federalists refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger US. federal government. 1787
Separation of powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies
Popular sovereignty is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people
checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups
republicanism support for a republican system of government
articles of confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1st Amendment 1. freedom of speech2. freedom of the press3. freedom of religon4. freedom to assemble and petition
2nd Amendment protects a person's right to keep weapons
4th Amendment insures that a search warrant is needed to allow law enforcement to legally search a suspected criminal's proprety
5th Amendment guarantees that no one can be put in trial for a serious crime unless a grand jury agrees that the evidence justifies doing so
6th Amendment also states that an accused person must be told why he or she is being tried
7th Amendment guarantees a trial by jury
8th Amendment
10th Amendment
Alexis DE Tocqueville

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