flash cards

test 1 us history us history

Term Definition
Federalism the federal principle or system of government.
Anti-Federalists a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution.
Popular Soveriegnty is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives
Checks and Balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Republicanism support for a republican system of government.
Articles of confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1st Amendment freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
2nd Amendment the right to bare arms
3rd Amendment It ensures that the government cannot force citizens to house soldiers in times of peace.
4th Amendment "[t]he right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants
5th Amendment No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury,
6th Amendment a fair jury, an attorney if the accused person wants one, and the chance to confront the witnesses who
7th Amendment In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars,
8th Amendment the United States Constitution prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines, or cruel and unusual punishment.
10th Amendment to further define the balance of power between the federal government and the states.
Alexis De Tocqueville a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian

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