flash cards

test 1 US HISTORY

Question Answer
FEDERALISM the federal principle or system of government
ANTI-FEDERALISM someone who opposed the creation of a stronger U.S federal government
SEPARATION OF POWERS an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial power of government in separate bodies
CHECKS AND BALANCES organizations or system is regulated, when the political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or in groups
REPUBLICANISM support of a republic system
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION the original constitution of the US
1st AMENDMENT free expression and action that are fundamental to democratic government. These rights include freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
2nd AMENDMENT A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
4th AMENDMENT The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants
5th AMENDMENT No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases
6th AMENDMENT In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed,
7th AMENDMENT the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States,
8th AMENDMENT Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
10th AMENDMENT The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE was a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian.

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