flash cards

Test 1 Us History

Question Answer
Federalism the federal principle or system of government.
Anti-Federalism Anti-Federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution.
Separation Of Powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Popular Sovereignty Popular sovereignty, or the sovereignty of the people's rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives
Checks and Balances a system that allows each branch of a government to amend or veto acts of another branch so as to prevent any one branch from exerting too much power.
Republicanism support for a republican system of government.
Article of Confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1st Amendment Amendment to the United States Constitution guaranteeing the rights of free expression and action freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
2nd Amendment A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
4th Amendment The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause,
5th Amendment Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy. Private property cannot be taken away without compensation (pay).
6th Amendment Rights of accused persons, e.g., right to a speedy and public trial.
7th Amendment Trial by jury in certain civil cases (non-criminal cases).
8th Amendment Prohibits excessive fines or bans. Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
10th Amendment Any powers that aren't either given to the national government or denied to the state government belongs to the state.

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