flash cards

TEST-1 US HISTORY

Term Definition
Federalism the principles of the Federalist Party
Anti-federalist a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution
Popular sovereignty he people's rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives
Checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals
Republicanism support for a republican system of government
Articles of confederation the first constitution of the United States
1st amendment these rights include freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
2nd amendment the right of the people to keep and bear arms
4th amendment right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue
5th amendment no person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime,
6th amendment guarantees a citizen a speedy trial, a fair jury, an attorney if the accused person wants one
7th amendment the right of trial by jury shall be preserved
8th amendment prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines, or cruel and unusual punishment
10th amendment the balance of power between the federal government and the states
Alexis De Tocqville a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian. He was best known for his works Democracy in America and The Old Regime and the Revolution

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