flash cards

TEST 1-US HISTORY

Question Answer
Federalism A federal government is a system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments.
Anti-Federalists Refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution.
Separation of Powers The act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Checks and Balances Counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Republicanism Adherence to or sympathy for a republican form of government
Articles of Confederation The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781.
1st Amendment An amendment to the United States Constitution guaranteeing the rights of free expression and action that are fundamental to democratic government.
2nd Amendment A well regulated militia, being the best security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
4th Amendment Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires any search warrant to be judicially sanctioned and supported by probable cause.
5th Amendment Section of the Bill of Rights that protects you from being held for committing a crime unless you have been indicted correctly by the police. Also due process.
6th Amendment In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed.
7th Amendment In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved.
8th Amendment Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted
10th Amendment The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE Was a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian. He was best known for his works Democracy in America and The Old Regime and the Revolution.

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