flash cards

Test 1-US HISTORY

Question Answer
Federalism the federal principle or system of government.
Anti-Federalists a person who opposed the adoption of the U.S. Constitution
Separation of powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Popular sovereignty is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives who are the source of all political power.
Checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Republicanism support for a republican system of government.
Articles of confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
1st amendment guaranteeing the rights of free expression and action that are fundamental to democratic government. These rights include freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
2nd amendment A well regulated militia, being the best security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
4th amendment provides that "[t]he right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue.
5th amendment No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia
6th amendment guarantees a citizen a speedy trial, a fair jury, an attorney if the accused person wants one, and the chance to confront the witnesses who is accusing the defendant of a crime.
7th amendment the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States
8th amendment prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines, or cruel and unusual punishment.
10th amendment says that the federal government has only those powers specifically granted by the Constitution.
Alexis De Tocqueville was a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian.

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flash cards

TEST 1 US HISTORY

Term Definition
Federalism The federal principle or system of government
Anti-Federalists Anti-Federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution
Separation Of Powers Political doctrine of constitutional law under which the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) are kept separate to prevent abuse of power
Popular Sovereignty Popular sovereignty, or the sovereignty of the people's rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People).
Checks and Balances The system of checks and balances is used to keep the government from getting too powerful in one branch
Republicanism Republicanism is an ideology of being a citizen in a state as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty
Articles of Confederation The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781.
1st Amendment Amendment I. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech
2nd Amendment The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution reads: "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms
3rd Amendment The Third Amendment to the United States Constitution is just 32 words: "No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
4th Amendment The Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution provides that the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue
5th Amendment Amendment to the US Constitution that contains a number of provisions relating to criminal law, including guarantees of due process and of the right to refuse to answer questions in order to avoid incriminating oneself.
6th Amendment The Sixth Amendment, or Amendment VI of the United States Constitution is the section of the Bill of Rights that guarantees a citizen a speedy trial
7th Amendment The 7th Amendment states: In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved
8th Amendment The Eighth Amendment (Amendment VIII) of the United States Constitution prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines, or cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment The Ninth Amendment, or Amendment IX of the United States Constitution is the section of the Bill of Rights that states that there are other rights that may exist aside from the ones explicitly mentioned
10th Amendment Tenth Amendment – The Meaning. The Tenth Amendment was included in the Bill of Rights to further define the balance of power between the federal government and the states
Alexis DE Tocqueville Alexis Charles Henri Clerel, Viscount DE Tocqueville was a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian. He was best known for his works Democracy in America and The Old Regime and the Revolution

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