flash cards

TEST-1 US HISTORY

Term Definition
Federalist a person who advocates or supports a system of government in which several states unite under a central authority.
Anti-Federalist a person who opposed the adoption of the U.S. Constitution
Separation of power the principle or system of vesting in separate branches the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of a government.
Popular sovereignty vested in the people and that those chosen to govern, as trustees of such power, must exercise it in conformity with the general will.
Checks and Balances limits imposed on all branches of a government
Republicanism principles or adherence to them (government)
Articles of Confederation the first constitution of the 13 American states, adopted in 1781 and replaced in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States
1st Amendment Freedom of Religion,Speech,Assembly,Petition,and Expression
2nd Amendment The freedom to bear arms
4th Amendment prohibiting unlawful search and seizure of personal property.
5th Amendment providing chiefly that no person be required to testify against himself or herself in a criminal case and that no person be subjected to a second trial for an offense for which he or she has been duly tried previously.
6th Amendment guaranteeing the right to a trial by jury in criminal cases.
7th Amendment guaranteeing trial by jury.
8th Amendment reasonable bail, fines, and punishment
10th Amendment guaranteeing to the states and the people those rights that are not delegated to the federal government by the Constitution
Alexis De Tocqueville French sociologist and political theorist

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