flash cards

Test 1 US History

Question Answer
Which amendment allows freedom of press, speech, petition, assembly, and religion? 1st Amendment
Which amendment allows right to bear arms? 2nd Amendment
Which amendment forces police to obtain a search warrant before searching someone's property? 4th Amendment
Which amendment promises just compensation if the government confiscates property? 5th Amendment
Which amendment allows you the right to a fair and speedy trial, an attorney, and the freedom to not self-testify? 6th Amendment
Which amendment assures a jury present? 7th Amendment
Which amendment limits punishment for being found guilty to humane and just? 8th Amendment
Which amendment promises all powers not held by the state or the constitution to the people. 10th Amendment
French sociologist and political theorist(1805-1859) traveled to the United States in 1831 to study its prisons and returned with a wealth of broader observations that he codified in “Democracy in America” (1835) Alexis de Tocqueville
Precedes the constitution and served the same purpose. Articles of Confederation
_________________ is an ideology of being a citizen in a state as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty. Republicanism
counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups. Checks and Balances
is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power. Popular Sovereignty
is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system. Federalism
refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution. Anti-Federalism
an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies. Separation of Powers

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