flash cards

TEST 1- US HISTORY

Term Definition
Federalism The division of power between a central government and states.
Anti-Federalism Opposed ratification of the new constitution
Separation of Powers 3 branches, legislative, executive, judicial
Popular Soveriegnty The people rule. The power of the government is based on the consent of the governed.
Checks and Balances A political system in which branches of government have some authority over the actions of the other branches.
Republicanism Support for a republican system of government
Articles of Confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, replaced by US Constitution in 1789
1st Amendment Freedom of religion, speech, the press, right to assembly, right to petition
2nd Amendment Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment Prohibits government from placing troops in peoples homes without their permission
4th Amendment protects individuals from "unreasonable" searches or seizures by government officials
5th Amendment A person cannot be tried for serious crime without grand jury. No one can be subject to double-jeopardy, private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation
6th Amendment fair and impartial trial, must be told of charges against them
7th Amendment guarantees right to a trial in many civil disputes
8th Amendment bans cruel or unusual punishments or bails
9th Amendment Constitution does not limit a persons rights
10th Amendment Federal government has only those powers specifically given to it in the constitution, all other powers are reserved for the states or the people
Alexis De Tocqueville French political scientist, historian, politician, best known for Democracy in America. Studied the political and social system of the US in early 19th century

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