flash cards

Stack #2608506

Question Answer
Separation of powers A fundamental principle of the United States government, whereby powers and responsibilities are divided among the legislative branch, executive branch, and judicial branch
Popular Sovereignty is a doctrine or belief that government is created by and subject to the will of the people. … Also refer to Popular Sovereignty and Slavery.
Checks and Balances A fundamental principle of American government, guaranteed by the Constitution, whereby each branch of the government (executive, judicial, and legislative) has some measure of influence over the other branches and may choose to block procedures of the ot
Republicanism 1 :adherence to or sympathy for a republican form of government. 2 :the principles or theory of republican government. 3 capitalized. a :the principles, policy, or practices of the Republican party of the U.S. b :the Republican party or its members
Articles of Confederation An agreement among the thirteen original states, approved in 1781, that provided a loose federal government before the present Constitution went into effect in 1789.
1st Amendment An amendment to the United States Constitution guaranteeing the rights of free expression and action that are fundamental to democratic government
2nd Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights, guaranteeing the right to keep and bear arms as necessary to maintain a state militia.
4th amendment "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue
5th Amendment the Fifth Amendment imposes restrictions on the government's prosecution of persons accused of crimes
6th Amendment Rights that guarantees a citizen a speedy trial, a fair jury, an attorney if the accused person wants one, and the chance to confront the witnesses who is accusing the defendant of a crime,
7th Amendment n Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of
8th Amendment insures that the punishments for crimes are not excessive, cruel, or unusual
10th Amendment says that the federal government has only those powers specifically granted by the Constitution.
Alexis De Tocqueville Alexis de Tocqueville, (born July 29, 1805, Paris, France—died April 16, 1859, Cannes), political scientist, historian, and politician, best known for Democracy in America, 4 vol. (1835–40), a perceptive analysis of the political and social system of the
federalism Federalism is a strong main government Federalism is defined as a system of government where there is one strong, central controlling authority, or the principles of a political party called the Federalist
anti federalist a person who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1789 and thereafter allied with Thomas Jefferson's Antifederal Party, which opposed extension of the powers of the federal Government.

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