flash cards

SS Greek Greek

Term Definition
Polis A small community of ancient Greek citizens who agreed on certain rules and customs
Agora A central public space in ancient Greek city states. "Gathering Place"
Acropolis A citadel or fortified part of an ancient Greek city.
Polytheistic To believe in many gods
Assemmly A group of people gathered together in one place for a common purpose
Direct democracy A form of government in which people decide, vote on, policy initiatives directly.
Representative democracy A from of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people
Aristocracy A form of government in which power is held by nobility
Tyrants A cruel and oppressive ruler
Olympic games A modern international sports competition, held every four years
Import To bring goods or services into a country from abroad sale
Export To send goods or services to another county for sale
Socrates An individual who was engaged in dialogue with others in an attempt to define ethical concepts by exposing and dispelling error.
Plato A student of Socrates and became the teacher of Aristotle. He founded a school in Athens
Aristotle He studded stars, plants, and animals. He wrote about government and deviated them into 3 types
Hippocrates He was a physician in ancient Greece who is called the father of medicine. He believed diseases came from natural causes. Created an oath which means doctors should do there best to help their parients
Pythagoras He taught his pupils that the universe fallowed the same rules that governed society
Homer An ancient Greek poet, Author of the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Aegean Sea The sea used by the Greeks to trade with the Asia Minor
Europe Greece is located on this continent
Zeus, Mt. Olympus The leader of the Greek gods ______ lives on ___. ___________.
Adult Males _______ was considered a citizen in Athens
Olives, Grapes Two major exports of Greese
Steep and Rocky Mountains in Greece were ______ and _______
Establish colonies and trade The sea's were important to the ancient Greeks because the Greeks used the sea to _________________________
Of the mountians The communities were isolated from one another because ___________
Farmers They grew wheat, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables, fruits, and nuts. They also raised sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, and bees.
Shortage of land Greek settlements fought each other because of the ____________
More farmland The Greeks stated colonies because of _____________
Exports Olive oil, pottery, and wine are examples of ___________
Imports Grain, timber, and metal are examples of ________________
Monarchy The power is in the hands of one person, the king. Power is passed down through a royal family
Oligarchy or Aristocracy The power is in the hands of a small group of people who are usually wealthy upper class citizens.
Tyranny The power is in the hands of one person who typically rules harshly and ignores the needs of the people
Democracy The power to make decisions is in the hands of all citizens
Direct All citizens vote directly on all issues
Direct Citizens who do not show up to vote are punished and publicly embarrassed
Direct Foreigners are not allowed to become citizens
Direct Free adult males that live in the polis are considered citizens
Both All citizens can vote
Both Citizens participate in government
Both Must be 18 years old to be considered a citizen a citizen who can vote
Representative Citizens elect representatives that vote an all issues
Representative Foreingers can apply for citizenship and become citizens
Representative Men and women are considered citezens
Representative A Congress (Senate and House of Representatives) make and vote on laws.

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