flash cards

Photosynthesis

Question Answer
Photosynthesis Plants use energy from the sun to make their own food inside the leaves.
Oxygen A gas that plants release during photosynthesis. Six molecules of it are released.
Carbon Dioxide A gas animals and humans breathe out and plants take in to use for photosynthesis. Six molecules of it are needed to make glucose. It's officially known as CO2.
Water An ingredient for photosynthesis that is absorbed from the soil by the roots. Six molecules of it are needed to make glucose. It's officially known as H2O.
Glucose A type of sugar that plants make for food. It's officially known as C6H12O6.
Chlorophyll Green color in a plant cell that helps it to absorb sunlight for photosynthesis
Transpiration Water is released from the leaf to cool it down.
CO2 carbon dioxide
H2O water
C6H12O6 glucose
O2 oxygen
respiration when oxygen is released during photosynthesis
xylem tubes that carry water UP and die after a certain time
phloem tubes that carry glucose DOWN and always stay alive
leaf the part of a plant where all photosynthesis takes place
stomata a tiny opening in the leaf that lets carbon dioxide in and oxygen out
cuticle layer at the top and bottom of a leaf that waterproofs and protects it
upper and lower epidermis second and next to last layer of a leaf that waterproofs and protects it
palisade mesophyll the layer of a leaf where photosynthesis happens because this is where the plant cells are
spongy mesophyll the layer of a leaf that turns carbon dioxide into oxygen

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