flash cards

Math Vocabulary

Question Answer
addend a number that is added to another in an addition problem
A.M. the times after midnight and before noon
area the number of unit squares needed to cover a flat surface
Associative Property of Multiplication states that you can group factors in different ways and still get the same product. Example: 3 x (4 x 2) = (3 x 4) + 2
Associative Property of Addition states that you can group addends in different ways and still get the same sum. Example: 3 + (8+5) = (3 + 8) + 5
benchmark a known size or amount
calendar shows days, weeks, and months
capacity the amount a container can hold when filled
Celsius a metric scale for measuring temperature
centimeter a metric unit for measuring length
one hundred how many centimeters in a meter
Distributive Property states that multiplying a sum of two numbers is the same as multiplying each addend by the number and adding the products.Example : 5 x (10 +6) = (5 x 10) + (5 x 6)
divide to separate into groups
dividend the number that is to be divided in a division problem
divisor the number that divides the dividend
dollar money worth 100 cents
equal sign symbol used to show two numbers have the same value
equation a number sentence
Commutative Property of Addition states that when the order of two addends is changed, the sum is the same. Example: 4 + 5 = 5 + 4
Commutative Property of Multiplication states that when the order of two factors is changed, the product is the same. Example 4 x 5 = 5 x 4
compare to describe whether numbers are equal to, less than, or greater than each other
decimal a number with one or more digits to the right of the decimal point
decimal point a symbol used to separate dollars from cents in money and to separate the ones and the tenths places in a decimal
difference the answer in a subtraction problem
digit any one of the ten number symbols, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
hundredth one of one hundred equal parts
Identity Property of Addition states that when you add zero to a number, the sum is that number Example : 16 + 0 = 16
Identity Property of Multiplication states when any number is multiplied by one the product is that number. 9 x 1 = 9

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