flash cards

History Exam 2

Term Definition
Why did the colonist protest? The taxes made by Great Britain hit everyone, it was an attack on political power of the local elites. Governors in control of money raised and Political assemblies. "Power of the purse"
What were the causes of the Revolution? Rise of Capitalism (economic growth)–Economic growth in colonies and emergence of an American Elite.Demographic growth–20 years of a doubling population
What was the Stamp Act? Stamp on daily paper products. Money raised was "suppose" to remain in colonies–Led to a protest.
What were the Townshend Duties? Indirect tax on imported goods. "No taxation without Representation"Affected Merchants, Elites, and Laborers.
What happen during the Boston Massacre? Jack Tars (Sailors), Crispus AttacksConflict between local laborers and soldiers because British soldiers overcut their pay. Led to more conflict.
What was the Boston Tea Party? The Tea Act—A financial bailout of the British East India Company. In Nov. 1773 3 ships with tea sailed into the harbor. Colonists dressed up as Indians as a shift in identity (Native to this country). Protest meetings
What was the date of the Declaration of Independence? July 4, 1776
Contradictions of the Revolution? Slavery– "All men are created equal"
What are the Coercive/Intolerables Acts? Closure of Boston Harbor, revoked Massachusetts Charter of 1691. British officials who committed crimes were tried in London. Reaffirmation to Station troops in colonies.
What was Shays' Rebellion? Farmers protesting about the rising taxes. Rebelled at the expense of warrants for debt.
Slavery in terms of the Constitution? The south gets 20 more years of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, 3/5ths clause and fugitive slave law.North gets internal help.
Explain the Democratic-Republican Party. The social basis was Farmers, Rural people, and some plantation owners. Their political ideas were ideal social order, agrarian and democratic. Broad distribution of wealth, landownership—incorruptible,
Explain the Republican Party. Large & Small business owners, merchants, bankers, professionals, and commercial farmers. Ideas were balanced, diversified economy, cities—center, great concentration of wealth, government must be involved in economy, profound fear of people.
What was the Cotton Gin and how did it impact slavery? Eli Whitney created the cotton gin which is a contraption that separates cotton and seeds. It made westward expansion for slavery possible.
What was the Compromise of 1850? Complex admitting of slaves. Happens after
What was the Missouri Compromise? Accepted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
Explain Bleeding Kansas. Conflict about whether Kansas would be a free state or slave state. The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 called for "popular sovereignty"—that is, the decision about slavery was to be made by the settlers (rather than outsiders). It would be decided by votes.
What was the Indian Removal or trail of tears? Indians were forced to leave therefore "marching" to Oklahoma.15,000 Started out and 4000 died along the way.
What Homestead Act of 1862? Out west settlers could get 160 Acres for $10
What was the Settlers' plight when moving west? They needed a wagon, and horse. Tools for farming and carpeting. Guns, livestock, Money. Great plains, Mud-huts, buffalo poop for fire. Reasons were population growth, Natural Resources etc.
What was the Underground Railroad? 1780s-1860s and increased in the 1830s. Harriet Tubman was heavily involved.
Who wrote the abolitionism paper, The Liberator? William Lloyd Garrison
Who was Harriet Tubman Escaped slavery but then went back to work with the underground railroad.
Who was Frederick Douglass? Abolitionist
What was Harper's Ferry? An elaborate plan to free slaves by a group of abolitionist led by John Brown. During the Raid, Brown was captured, convicted of treason and hung. The conflict increased tension between the North and South.
Emancipation Proclamation Military strategy that never really freed slaves. Gave the North something to fight for.
What were the demands of freed slaves and Radical Republicans?
What was the Compromise of 1877? The end of Reconstruction. The election of 1876 was a tie and in went to the House of Representatives. Rutherford B Hayes won.
What was the growing segregation after Civil War? Jim Crow Segregation-1880sPlessy Vs. Ferguson-1896 "Separate but equal" In Reality in was Always separate and never equal.
What were the reasons for industrialization? Population GrowthNatural ResourcesFriendly Business environmentsTransportation improvement
What is Vertical Integration? One company owning every step of the production process. Specifically, the meat packaging industry. Gustavus Swift created the refrigerated railroad, Chicago Union Stockyards, Cattle dealer.
Continuous Process technology? Andrew Carnegie created the continuous process technology where steel is heated and hot during the entire production. 24/7 Mills
What was the impact on workers? Rough conditions, Over worked–7 day-shifts-24hour shift-7 Night shifts-1 day off
What was Management Revolution? Companies no longer had a single owner and managers emerged to control business operations. Managerial revolution transformed the workplace and values other than profit entered into business calculations.
What was the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire? Deadliest workplace accident in NY. 145 died and all but 23 were female. The females were not warned with enough time to get out. After the fire there were new laws, standards and working conditions.
What is progressivism? Fear that big businesses would alli with the government. Used the Scientific method for social problems.
Who were Muckrakers? They were writers who exposed what was really going on in the big industries.Upton Sinclair–The jungle (Meat Packaging industry)Jacob Riis–How the Other Half Lives
What were three Anti-immigration Legislation? The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882Immigration Act of 1917–Targeted non-european immigrantsNational Origins Systems-1927
What was Scientific Racism? Hierarchy of Races where white Europeans are on top and Africans are on the bottom.
Old immigrants vs. New immigrants Differences between 1st , 2nd , & 3rd, generation immigrants. Language improves over the generations, education…
Great Migration Rural to Urban

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