flash cards

Elements of Fiction Literature Terms & Definitions

Term Definition
theme the statement or lesson about life that the author wants the reader to understand — similar to a moral
dialect a form of language that is spoken in a particular place or by a particular group of people
characterization the techniques an author uses to develop the personality of a character
setting the time and place in which the action of a story occurs
plot the action or sequence of events in a story
conflict the problem of the story that triggers the action
protagonist the main character
point of view the perspective from which the story is told
symbol a person,place,thing, or event used to represent something else
minor characters less important- they interact with the main characters, but readers don't know much about them
third person point of view story is told by a narrator who is not a character in the story
antagonist the person, thing, or force working against the protagonist
resolution the ending- brings the story to a satisfactory close
dynamic character characters that change from beginning to end
person vs self a problem deciding what to do or think
exposition first part of the plot- setting, characters and backgroung information are introduced
author's purpose the author's reason for creating a work
character a person,animal,or imaginary creature that takes part in the action
climax the high point or turning point of the story- the last event that is a result of the conflict
dialogue the words that the characters speak
static characters characters that stay the same throughout the story
first person point of view story is told by one of the characters
person vs society a problem with laws or beliefs of a group of people
inciting incident the event that introduces the centeral conflict or problem
main characters the most important characters
rising action a series of conflicts or struggles that builds the story towards its climax- the tension rises and the plot thickens
person vs fate a problem that seems to be uncontrollable
rising action a series of conflicts or struggles that build the story towards its climax – the tension rises and the plot thickens
person vs nature a problem with the enviroment
genre the category or type of literature
falling action the action that begins to settle the conflict
direct characterization when the author tells you what to think or feel about a character
mood the feeling that the story gives to the reader
indirect characterization when the author gives you information about a character through actions, speech,thoughts,feelings, and interactions that allows the reader to form an opinion
flashback when the author goes back in time to share about an event
foreshadowing when the author gives hints or clues about what will happen

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