flash cards

Chapter 6

Term Definition
republic a type of government in which elected officials govern the state.
patricians elected officials from aristocratic families in the Roman Republic.
plebeians non-aristocrats in the Roman Republic.
veto rejection of harmful or unjust laws.
Forum central square in Rome
constitution Roman political structure that created new offices and government institutions.
Senate a body of legislators who acted as advisors, controlled public finances, and handled foreign relations in the Roman Republic.
consuls elected magistrates that replaced the king as chief executives of the state.
dictator a ruler who has nearly unlimited power.
Gracchi two brothers, Tiberius Gracchus and Gaius, who tried to redistribute land to small farmers.
Gaius Marius a talented general who, as consul, allowed anyone to join the army.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla a general who became consul in 88 BC and later dictator.
Julius Caesar helped end the Republic and became dictator of Rome in 44 BC.
Triumvirate the rule of three men.
Augustus a title of honor given to Octavia in 27 BC, meaning ?the revered one?.
Pax Romana the Roman Peace, which lasted from 27 BC to AD 180.
villa a Roman country home that had conveniences such as running water and baths.
circus racetrack used for chariot racing.
paterfamilias the family father, the oldest living male in the family.
augurs priests who specialized in interpreting signs from the gods in natural phenomena.
Galen physician whose medical writings established him as the greatest medical authority for centuries.
Ptolemy astronomer who said that the earth was the center of the universe.
aqueducts man-made channels used to bring water to cities.
Latin the language of Rome and root of French, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, and Portuguese languages.
civil law system of law based on written on written codes.
Christianity a religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
Messiah a spiritual leader who, according to prophecy, would restore the ancient Kingdom of David.
disciples followers.
Apostles Twelve disciples chosen by Jesus.
martyrs people who suffer death for the sake of their faith, inspiring others to believe.
Paul Jewish apostle who helped spread Christianity in the eastern Mediterranean region formerly called Saul.
Eucharist a religious ceremony that commemorated Jesus' last supper.
bishop a priestly official who oversaw church affairs in a particular city, had authority over other priests in the region.
pope bishop of Rome.
inflation a dramatic rise in prices.
Diocletian a capable Roman emperor who assumed the throne in 248 and created an absolute monarchy to strengthen the empire.
Attila the leader of the Huns.
Jesus of Nazareth a spiritual leader who taught people to seek forgiveness for their sins.

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