flash cards

Chapter 3 Study Guide for chapter 3

Define litigate to take disputes to court.
Define mediator Tries to develop a solution acceptable to both sides of the dispute.
Define Arbitrator Holds an informal hearing to determine what happened.
Define trial court A court which a dispute is first heard.
Define verdict A decision in a case.
What is original jurisdiction ? Over or original power to decide a case.
What is an appellate court ? reviews decisions of lower courts when a party claims an error was made.
Define transcript A verbatim record of what went on at trial.
What are appellate briefs ? Written arguments on the issues of law,they are submitted by the opposing attorneys.
What is general jurisdiction ? They can hear almost any kind of case.
What is special jurisdiction ? Hears only one specific type of case.
Define writ of certiorari Compels the state court to turn over the record of the case to the supreme court for review.
What is court of record ? It keeps an exact account of what goes on at trial.
Define Circuit courts They hear minor criminal cases.
What are some examples of minor criminal cases ? State traffic offenses, and law suits in small amounts.
What do municipal courts do ? They divide into traffic and criminal divisions.
Define small claim courts Handle disputes in small amounts.
What are juvenile courts ? Entitles juveniles to his or her full constitutional rights.
When is someone to old to go to juvenile court ? 18 or older.
Define Probate courts Divides dead people's property and other interests according to their wishes.

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